Opioids and HEDIS: Measures to Make a Difference

When Joshua Jenkins was growing up in small-town Missouri, he thought he might like to be a pediatrician one day. His mom, Debbie Woods, thought Josh—a friendly, smart kid who she says could sing “like an angel”—would be a great doctor. Instead, Josh died from an accidental overdose the day before his 21st birthday. For nearly five years, he had been addicted to the opioids he acquired through countless prescriptions from dozens of doctors.

Debbie says Josh always tried to reassure her, saying, “It’s ok, mom. It’s a prescription and the doctors are giving it to me.” But she knew it wasn’t okay when the prescriptions came so often, from so many doctors.

It started when Josh was 16. Four-wheeling with his dad, he rolled his ATV and crushed a vertebra in his neck. An ER physician prescribed hydrocodone for the pain. Debbie says that prescription marked the beginning of the end. For weeks—and then for months—Josh complained of pain, of an inability to sleep, of various other discomforts… which led to more appointments and more opioid prescriptions.

“He lived every day trying to find the next prescription. It was miserable.”

Even though Debbie had worked for decades as a surgery tech and scrub, she says she didn’t consider the possibility of addiction until it was too late.

She tried desperately to stop Josh’s prescription shopping. He was on her insurance, but because of HIPAA guidelines, once Josh was 17 she couldn’t talk to his doctors about his treatment. Debbie says she begged her insurance company to flag the account, but her pleas were futile. Josh visited 40 doctors and dentists in a two-year period, filling prescriptions at pharmacies over a 60-mile radius.

Josh went to treatment over and over. In his third—and final—drug treatment program, he wrote letters to his doctors, telling them he was an addict and asking them not to prescribe him opioids. Three weeks later, he went to a new doctor—one who didn’t know his history. Debbie says that doctor gave Josh 250 pills in 48 hours. A few days later, Josh was dead.

Opioids and HEDIS®: Measures to Make a Difference

But Debbie sees hope for other families in the new NCQA HEDIS® measures addressing opioid use: one measure tracks long-term, high-dose use—a risk factor for overdose and death; the second tracks opioid prescriptions from multiple providers or pharmacies. Debbie says those measures could have helped Josh, and will help other families. She says, “We’re just normal people. I’m just somebody’s mom. I hope and pray this helps gets something in place to save lives.”

NCQA is working with health plans to address the opioid epidemic by helping clinicians and patients cut back on overuse and find new treatments for pain. Hear more about this important work in this video.

6 thoughts on “Opioids and HEDIS: Measures to Make a Difference

  1. Your son was a friend of my daughter, Chrysten. She is a recovering meth addict. She was in jail when he passed. She has never forgiven herself for not being there. Addiction robs so many people of so many things. I loved Josh. He was a sweet kid and had a huge heart. He’s always in my thoughts and prayers. Thank you for sharing this story. If it saves one life it matters. Prayers for comfort and peace to you and yours.

    1. Thank you for your kind words, Theresa. Sadly, there are way too many people like Josh out there. That’s why NCQA is working with health plans to find solutions to the opioid epidemic and save more lives.

  2. I cannot get this blog out of my head for the past 24 hours., it keeps coming back. What it must have been to be Joshua for all those years? Unless we begin to understand the complexity of pain management, we cannot break this vicious cycle.

  3. I’m soo sorry this happened miss Debbie loosing a child hurts more than anything im sooooo sooooorrryyy???????????????????????? I went to school with josh he was a popular kid always made us laugh he also rode me an my two brothers bus he made us laugh all the time when we rode bus seven an we were younger I have two little girls An knowing if they did this or ever left me I don’t no what to do either I’m soo sorry hun praying for you it’s very tough around the holidays deep just remember he’s upstairs with great spirits

  4. Josh was one of both my daughters best friends. We are all broken and our lives forever changed by this tragedy. He lived with us off and on over the years during his struggles we saw first hand how bad it can be. He called me his 2nd mom. He was ike a son to me and i love how he could sing any brooks and dunn song. I miss his sweet smiling face and pray for every mother of a child facing such a horrible epidemic. Please pray with me and let’s make a impact on our children’s lives. Don’t turn a blind eye. Do everything in your power when you know someone is struggling for that someone is someone’s son daughter mother father. Thank you debbie for allowing me that time with your awesome son. God bless you and your family.

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